October 2, 2022

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What is the Schengen area? Advantages and benefits for Romania, after it joins

Romania is on the right track in terms of accession to the Schengen Area.

The announcement was made by Chancellor of Germany, Olaf Scholzwho stated that our country fulfills “all technical requirements for full membership“.

What does accession to the Schengen area mean for Romania?

According to the information sent by the Ministry of Administration and Interior, Romania’s accession to the Schengen Area will bring us more benefits.

First of all, waiting times at land border crossing points with Hungary and Bulgaria will disappear. Thus, we will experience less inconvenience when crossing the border, especially during the summer and winter holidays.

Now, in the middle of the summer season, Romanian tourists who cross the border with Bulgaria or Hungary can wait an hour or even more when leaving the country – but also when entering Romania – and this happens not only on weekends.

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For example, those who want to spend Christmas in Romania will get rid of unpleasant situations around the winter holidays, who will no longer wait for hours at the border with Hungary in PTF Nădlac.

Another advantageafter Romania joins the Schengen area, is that we will no longer waste time with document control, and carriers will get rid of queues at the borders with Hungary and Bulgaria.

According to the information provided by the MAI, crossing the border will be possible at any time, through any place, at any time of the year, and citizens of the member states traveling in the Schengen area will only have to carry a valid identity document, without be subject to border controls.

More precisely, we will travel … as in the interior of the country!

Another benefit – after accession to Schengen – is that border control will be eliminated at the air border for flights to/from destinations in the Schengen area, and travel to/from these destinations will be carried out as an internal flight in Romania.

It should be emphasized that, after Romania “enters” Schengen, this will have a positive impact especially for carriers, by eliminating the long waiting times at the land borders with Hungary and Bulgaria. Carriers will no longer waste their time with all kinds of checks and bureaucratic procedures at the borders.

Last but not least, trade will be more profitable and goods will move much faster and at much lower costs. The inherent costs assumed by expenses for fuel, salaries, per diems, etc. will be greatly diminished.

The representatives of the Ministry of the Interior also state that the accession to Schengen will increase the attractiveness of Romania as a business destination and as a tourist destination.

What is the Schengen Area?

The Schengen area is an area of ​​free movement of people that consists of 26 member states, 22 from the European Union and 4 from outside it, and the last state to join is the Principality of Liechtenstein (December 19, 2011).

For EU citizens, the elimination of controls at the internal borders of the Schengen area means greater freedom of movement and increased security, by adopting common rules of the signatory states of the Convention implementing the Schengen Agreement:

– Elimination of person controls at internal borders;
– Common set of rules that apply to people crossing the external borders of the EU member states;
– Harmonization of entry conditions and rules regarding visas and consular cooperation;
– Consolidated cooperation in the police field;
– Judicial cooperation through a rapid system of extradition and transfer of the execution of criminal judgments;
– Creation and development of the Schengen Information System.

All EU states are part of Schengen, with six exceptions: Ireland and Great Britain, which chose not to become members and have their own common travel area, and Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus and Romania.

Four non-EU countries – Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein – have also joined the Schengen area.

According to the European Parliament, around 3.5 million people cross an internal EU border every day. Free movement may, in practice, imply different rights for different categories of people, from tourists to families.

All EU citizens can stay in another member state as tourists for up to three months with a valid passport or identity card.

They can also work and live in another Member State with the right to be treated in the same way as nationals of that country. Entrepreneurs benefit from the freedom of establishment in the state of their choice, and students have the right to study in any member state.

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