On August 24, 79 CE, Mount Vesuvius erupted and destroyed the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum, killing thousands.
The eruption of Vesuvius is considered one of the biggest catastrophes caused by a volcano in the history of Europe.
Vesuvius volcano destroyed the ancient cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum
Vesuvius erupted near the Bay of Naples, and the catastrophe lasted 48 hours, during which the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum were consumed by lava and thousands of people lost their lives.
Mount Vesuvius released 1.5 million tons of lava, pumice and volcanic ash per second, up to 33 kilometers away.
Also, the thermal energy released was 100,000 times greater than that of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
The eruption of the volcano destroyed several Roman settlements, including the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
On the 24th of August in the year 79 AD, the volcano Vesuvius began to erupt, and tons of pyroclastic material and tuff buried the city of Pompeii.
A large part of the inhabitants managed to flee the path of the disaster, and about 2,000 people tried to take shelter in cellars.
Although the inhabitants of Pompeii survived the day of the disaster, they died in the following days due to the cloud of toxic gases that covered the city, causing them to die by suffocation.
The same fate had the inhabitants of the city of Herculaneum.
If initially the direction of the wind protected the city, later a change in the currents carried the ash cloud over Herculaneum and caused death by suffocation of the inhabitants.
Historians estimate that between 16,000 and 20,000 people lived in the two cities, but archaeological excavations have found the remains of 1,500 people in the cities of Pompeii and Herculaneum.
However, the total number of victims is still unknown.
Events that occurred before the eruption of the volcano Vesuvius
Before the 79 CE eruption of Mount Vesuvius, 17 years ago, on February 5, 62 AD, there was an earthquake that caused massive destruction near the Bay of Naples area, especially in the city of Pompeii.
Experts expect the Vesuvius volcano to erupt again
Vesuvius is the only active volcano on the European continent. It erupted again in 1631 and again in 1944, during the Second World War.
According to specialists, Vesuvius will erupt again, but it is not possible to estimate when exactly. What is certain is that approximately 700,000 people risk losing their lives if Vesuvius erupts again.
The archaeological site of Pompeii
The archaeological site of Pompeii offers archaeologists the opportunity to excavate, bit by bit, the ancient city of the far west.
The Pompeii site is visited by thousands of tourists every day who are amazed to see the ruins of a city that was destroyed some 2,000 years ago.
In 2021, archaeologists excavating the archaeological site of Pompeii discovered the remains of a room where slaves were kept.
A group of architects recreated a villa in Pompeii in 3D
A villa in Pompeii that was destroyed by the eruption of Mount Vesuvius has been virtually reconstructed by a group of Swedish and Italian researchers.
At the time of the eruption, the house was already 200 years old, and to create the interior areas, the researchers were inspired by photographs or parts of paintings of the villa, which have been preserved over the years.
Another source of inspiration was the documents with the other houses that existed at the time.
Tags: Vesuvius, volcano, Pompeii, ancient Rome, volcanic eruptions,
Publication date: 2022-08-24 07:14