October 2, 2022

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Solovăstru, people and traditions at the Gurghiului Valley Festival – News from Mures, Targu mures News

Constant presence on the set of “La Fâncel” every year at the Văii Gurghiului Festival, the Solovăstru commune presented itself this year with all that is most beautiful and soulful, with people who love traditions, port, song and folk dance.

The allegorical house of Solovăstru commune

Our hosts at the allegorical house of the Solovăstru commune were two warm-hearted ladies, Florina Fola and Maria Bogdan from Solovăstru, who presented us in detail with the traditions of the Solovăstrians exhibited with great love at the Văii Gurghiului festival.

“Visitors have the opportunity at this festival to see what a traditional house from Solovăstru looks like, built of wood, beautifully decorated with things sewn in the house by women’s hands. The house has three rooms, the first being the front house, then the tent and the back house.

In the house before, the bed was arranged with the clothes, each host made his bed as high as possible. If he had more girls to marry, he would have more work to do with each dowry. It was the room that was kept clean, the children weren’t really allowed to come in here to cause a disturbance, it’s the room where, as a rule, the more distinguished guests were received. In the tent, the war was placed, the tripod as it is also called, the pitchfork was placed. Food was still made here, because in the old days there were no kitchens like there are today. It is the room most often used by the people in the house, it is the place where work was usually done, as well as the place where food was prepared. The traditional sittings were also held here. In the back room, it was the place where people slept, the place where people rested for the next day”, Florina Fola told us.

Florina Fola

The values ​​of the village must be preserved with sanctity, believes Florina Fola. “It is very important for these things to be known, but above all to be preserved by the generations that come after us. It’s all that we have that is most beautiful, the traditions, the port, and it would be good for the descendants to fall in love with these values, as we in turn loved them. Let them carry on this love because we are already of an age and I don’t know how much longer we will be able to carry them. We didn’t think years ago that such things would end up being the object of a museum, we thought they would go with them forever and ever. I can declare myself lucky that I caught the good times when hemp was still sown, it was harvested after which it was taken to the smelter, then it was worked. There were many phases of work until she was ready. Although I was a child, I liked it, times that unfortunately have kind of passed. Everything that existed in a house was made by human hands, by the housewives who wove, sewed and gave birth to everything that meant clothing or any other object in the house. Today there are still women who, despite their age, continue to work. So great is their love for popular port and traditions that they simply cannot let go”, stated Florina Fola.

The soul of the “Dor Solovăstrean” Ensemble

Maria Bogdan, creator of popular costumes and coordinator of the “Dor Solovăstrean” Ensemble, was also our hopeful host of the Solovăstru house. “Our identity is in the popular port. We, namely the “Dor Solovăstrean” Ensemble, have traveled a lot abroad and nowhere have we seen such a beautiful port as it is here. That’s why we try to sew even now, to keep this tradition of sewing, of arranging the house as it was before, because if we don’t do it now, no one will. Everyone says we’re going the old fashioned way, the authentic way, but something more needs to be done, otherwise these suits deteriorate over time, even if the materials were much better than they are now. I sew and I know. A shirt made 100 years ago kept its colors, and with the one we are making now, there is that at the first wash all the colors are scattered in the shirt. Before, women worked their wool at home, they did everything naturally with natural dyes. Now it’s not done like it was then, we buy certain things from the trade that are as they are, they don’t compare to the natural ones from the old days. Also, water was much more natural back in the day. The clothes were washed in the river, as was the case in Solovăstrului. In the summer I went to the valley, I washed the clothes, stretched them, left them in the sun and then washed them once more. Then, on a chair, the clothes clashed with the may. As well as the canvas, it turned white in the river. It was the custom of bleaching the cloth, which is no longer practiced. In winter, clothes were washed in the house. In the tent, the clothes were put in a large cot, washed and then rinsed in the river”, Maria Bogdan told us.

Maria Bogdan

The love for the popular port has no limit for Maria Bogdan, started as a child and continued with the same passion even today. “The first shirt made entirely from mind was about 15 years ago. I learned this love when I was little, I learned from my mother and from a sister of my father who was sick. I was 6-7 years old, my parents let me stay with her at home and I learned from her. I was sitting in bed and she taught me to sew. Then I learned the secret of sewing, which I really liked. Then for a while I went to a bit more modern stuff until 15 years ago when I resumed work on these traditional costumes. I try to reproduce the old, traditional costumes. What is very important, each member of our ensemble makes his own costumes. The same goes for our ensembles as far as I’m concerned. They are made after an old quatrain that belongs to Florina Fola. We kept the model, the color scheme, on the other hand, is not completely identical to the old one, but it is quite close to the old model”, said Maria Bogdan.

“Coronița” and “Dor Solovăstrean”

The artistic offer of the Solovăstru commune at the Văii Gurghiului Festival included the two ensembles, “Coronița” coordinated by Florentina Batori who took the stage on Saturday, respectively the “Dor Solovăstrean” Ensemble which delighted the audience on the second day of the festival .

“Coronița” ensemble

“We have been active as a vocal group since 1978, without having a name. I have been active for about 17 years, after which there was a break. A part that left that first group formed the “Dor Solovăstrean” Ensemble through which we brought to light many traditions and customs. I am reminding here of the Ploughman, a very beautiful custom of the Solvăstrul on the second day of Easter, the Brides’ Game, Clap at the reaping, Clap at the untying, Clap at the making of the bride’s dowry, customs with which I also started. Our first show was with “Plugarul” and “Claca”. Those who were at the festival on Sunday could see them, as well as our entire work collected during the 15 years of activity of the “Dor Solovăstrean” Ensemble, Maria Bogdan specified.

Alin ZACHARIE




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