September 29, 2022

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Six months of war in Ukraine. The main moments since the beginning of the invasion of Russia

Main moments since the start of the war:

24 February – Russia is bombing several Ukrainian cities in Donbas (east) after, three days earlier, the Kremlin had recognized the separatist territories of Donetsk and Luhansk as independent republics.

– The invasion begins, with attacks on the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, on the second largest city in Ukraine, Kharkiv, and on the city of Dnipro, the last two – located in the eastern part of the country. At the same time, a Russian landing party lands in Odessa. Vladimir Putin was announcing a military operation.

February 26 – The West adopts important sanctions against Russia and offers military aid to Ukraine.

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February 27 – Russian troops reach the outskirts of the city of Kharkiv.

February 28 – The first round of Russian-Ukrainian negotiations takes place in Belarus.

The capture of the Kherson region and the blockade of Mariupol

1st of March – Russian troops enter Kherson, a region bordering Crimea, and continue the siege of the city of Mariupol, a strategic port on the Sea of ​​Azov.

March 4th – Russia attacks the largest nuclear power plant in Europe, Zaporozhye (south) and, five days later, gains control over the Chernobyl power plant, site of the biggest nuclear disaster in history (1986), located a few kilometers from the Belarusian border.

The bombing and the siege of Kiev, Kharkiv and a neighborhood in the Chernihiv region, to the north, continue.

Offensive against Kharkov, Odessa and Lviv. The siege of Mariupol

March 7 – The third round of Ukrainian-Russian negotiations begins. The Kremlin’s claims are a neutral Ukraine, the recognition of the independence of Donbass and Crimea as part of the Russian Federation.

March 9 – Russia bombs a maternity hospital in Mariupol.

March 13 – Eight Russian rockets hit a military base in Lviv, a city on the border with Poland, killing 35 and injuring 134.

March 21 – Eight dead in the bombing of a commercial center in Kyiv, which – according to Moscow – was a non-operational missile depot.

The recapture of Irpin by the Ukrainians and the liberation of Kiev

28th of March – Ukraine recovers the city of Irpin and avoids the encirclement of Kiev.

March 29 – Russia reduces its attacks on Kiev and Chernihiv to facilitate an agreement with Ukraine, which accepts the idea of ​​neutrality.

31st of March – NATO assures that the Russian troops are not withdrawing, but are regrouping in the east, in Donbas.

1 April – Russian troops are withdrawing from the outskirts of Kiev, but the city’s residents do not believe that this is the end of the Russian threat to the capital.

The Bucea massacre and accusations of using chemical weapons in Mariupol

April 4th – More than 400 corpses of civilians are discovered in Bucea, a town on the outskirts of Kiev. The international community denounces a genocide, accusations qualified by the Kremlin as “unfounded”.

8th of April – 50 dead in an attack on the railway station in Kramatorsk (Donetsk region), where there were many refugees trying to flee from Ukraine.

April 11 – Pro-Russian militias take control of the Mariupol port.

April 12 – Ukraine denounces the possible use of chemical weapons in Mariupol by pro-Russian militias in Donetsk.

April 14 – Russia claims that the flagship of its Black Sea Fleet, the cruiser Moskva, sank due to a strong storm, while Ukraine says that its missiles caused the wreck. The number of drowned Russian sailors is not known.

April 17 – At least 53 dead in the Russian bombing of the city of Cernigău.

April 19 – Moscow announces the beginning of the second phase of the war for the “liberation” of Donbass.

The conquest of Mariupol by the Russians

April 21 – Russia assures that it has captured the city of Mariupol, at the same time admitting that there remains a last Ukrainian point of resistance in the Azovstal steel plant.

April 25 – Moscow declares a ceasefire to evacuate civilians from Azovstal.

1st May – Ukraine manages to evacuate a first group of about a hundred civilians from the steel mill, and, on May 7, women, children and the elderly. Only Ukrainian soldiers who are resisting remain in the steel mill.

May 17 – Ukraine gives up the fight in Azovstal.

May 19 – The last 771 Ukrainian soldiers leave the Azovstal steel plant, and Moscow announces that the total number of Ukrainian soldiers who “surrendered” is 1,730.

The final offensive in Donbas. The siege of the city of Severodonetsk

May 25 – Russia is accelerating its offensive in the Donbas, towards the strategic enclave of Severodonetsk, a key bastion for the neutralization of Ukrainian troops in the Luhansk region.

May 30 – The Russians enter Severodonetsk in an attempt to control Luhansk.

June 11 – Russia maintains the blockade on the Ukrainian forces from the Azot plant in Severodonetsk, in an attempt to repeat the tactics used in the Azovstal steel plant in Mariupol.

June 21 – New Russian attack on Azot plant, which is holding out.

June 24 – Moscow assures that, in five days, it took control over 10 towns in Luhansk.

June 25 – Russia gains complete control over Severodonetsk after the withdrawal of the Ukrainian military.

June 27 – At least 18 dead following a Russian missile attack on a commercial center in Kremenciuk, in central Ukraine.

The siege of the city of Lisitsiansk and the total capture of the Luhansk region

1st of July – 18 killed in rocket attacks in Odesa, as Russia begins its siege of Lisitsiansk, the last bastion under Ukrainian control in the Luhansk region.

July 3rd – Russia announces the capture of the city of Lisiceansk and, with it, the entire region. Ukrainian troops leave the area.

July 16 – Russia is intensifying its attacks in Donetsk, targeting the town of Siversk.

July 22 – With the mediation of the UN and Turkey, Ukraine and Russia reach an agreement regarding the creation of a safe maritime corridor for the export of grain from the Black Sea ports.

Russian offensive in Zaporozhye and Ukrainian counter-offensive in the south

July 24-28 – Ukrainian troops are advancing towards Kherson after days of bombing the bridges on the Dnieper River (key ports for the supply of this city) and in an attempt to recapture it. Kiev is also trying to thwart the Russians’ plans to organize an independence referendum in this region.

August 1st – The first vessel loaded with grain leaves the commercial port of Odessa, from the Black Sea.

August 8 – Ukraine accuses Russia of committing more than 27,000 war crimes.

August 11 – At least 361 children have lost their lives since the beginning of the invasion, according to the Office of the People’s Defender of Ukraine.

August 13 – Heavy fighting in Donetsk and Zaporozhye, but the Russian offensive in Donbas is stalling.

August 22 – Russia accuses the Ukrainian secret services of the assassination, on August 20, of Daria Dughina, the daughter of the leader of the neo-Eurasian movement, Aleksandr Dughin, considered a close associate of Russian President Vladimir Putin. Ukraine denies any involvement in this assassination.

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