October 2, 2022

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Poland considers the agreements with the EU regarding judicial reforms to be broken – Stiri din Mures, Stiri Targu mures

Polish President Andrzej Duda announced that “the agreements with the European Commission have been broken”, accusing this institution of not respecting the agreement to unlock the National Recovery and Resilience Plan (PNRR) of Poland in exchange for the abolition of the disciplinary chamber for judges.
“It turns out that the word given does not matter for the European Commission, for its representatives, nor for some politicians from the European institutions. This is, unfortunately, a brutal policy”, remarked the Polish president.
Andrzej Duda also made direct reference to an announcement according to which four European associations of judges contested the European Commission’s decision to approve the judicial reform presented by Poland in June. “This should sound the alarm in other European countries as well. As can be seen, the judicial circles simply want power”, believes the president of Poland.
For his part, the Polish Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki, who is visiting France, reproached the French President Emmanuel Macron that Poland is under “more painful sanctions than those applied to Russia”, referring to the fines imposed on his country by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) following disputes between Warsaw and Brussels on the subject of judicial reforms.

“I read in an article that there are two countries hit by sanctions. Poland has received millions of Ukrainian refugees and, nevertheless, it is hit by more painful sanctions than those against Russia,” said Morawiecki in Paris. He was nevertheless warmly received by Macron at the Elysee, despite persistent differences regarding the rule of law.
After long negotiations with the European Commission, the Polish government reached an agreement with it in June, which provides for the abolition of the disciplinary chamber for judges created as part of the judicial reforms criticized by the EU executive, in exchange for the approval by Brussels of the Polish PNRR, based on the European post-pandemic recovery program through which Poland can access around 35 billion euros.
But the president of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, later said that, despite the dissolution of that chamber, there are still not enough guarantees to protect judges, thus announcing that Poland still cannot access funds through the EU’s Recovery and Resilience Mechanism, although his PNRR was approved following that agreement.
Poland and Hungary, countries led by conservative governments that Brussels accuses of violating the rule of law by limiting the rights of the LGBT community, judicial reforms or challenging the primacy of European law and EU Court of Justice decisions over national law, are the only member states of the EU which, for these reasons, still cannot benefit from the European post-pandemic recovery plan.
While the Polish NRDP was finally approved by the European Commission, although without releasing funds, the Hungarian one is still completely blocked by Brussels, which in addition activated against Budapest the new conditionality mechanism that allows the Commission of the European Union to suspend European funds to those member states that they believe violate the rule of law.


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