December 9, 2022

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PHOTO REPORT: Gliga musical instruments and the art of acoustic perfection – Mures News, Targu Mures News

The master luthier Vasile Gliga worked in his youth at the “Hora” instrument factory, where he gained experience from the luthiers of this factory. The first violin was made in the family, in a storeroom. Both the parents, Vasile and Elena Gliga, and their three children, DumitriČ›a, Cristi, and Mirona Gliga, contributed to its creation. In one month they made two violins which they then sold. In 1990, one of the violins was sold in Vienna for 2,000 marks.

In 1991, Vasile Gliga purchased a house in Reghin which became a workshop, and eventually turned into a private factory. At first he works with two, then with ten people. In this year, the factory produced only maestro-professional instruments. In 1992, they worked with six more people, then, in 1993, 12 people worked, in 1994, 24, and in 1995 they already had 48 employees. In 1997, the second instrument factory appeared in Reghin, where student instruments were manufactured. In 2000, the third factory appeared, in Toplița, where school instruments are manufactured. Instead, maestro instruments are made at the Gama factory in Reghin.

A violin is worked on differently, depending on its class. The class is conferred by the wood used to make the instruments, which is curly palin and resonance spruce. The more often the grain of the wood, the better its quality and is used in master instruments. If the curl is less then the quality automatically decreases and the wood is used in the cheaper instruments.

The wood dries naturally for at least four years. The wood comes from the Reghin area, namely the curly palint and the resonance spruce. Also ninety percent of the bone and ebony are imported materials. A series instrument is worked on approximately 50 hours over the course of three months, and on master instruments approximately three hundred hours per year. The instruments are made by hand, and a student violin takes between 280-300 hours of work.

95% of production is shipped overseas to the USA, Japan and Australia. Cristian, the son of Vasile Gliga, is settled in the USA where he deals with the sale of instruments. The “Times” magazine itself wrote about Gliga violins.

The price of a violin is determined by quality, fitment, size, and more. The price of a beginner’s violin starts from a few hundred lei, and a custom-made master’s instrument can reach tens of thousands of lei. They may have double fillet, exotic wood fittings, or carving filled with ebony dust.

The tongue and accessories of the violin are made of curly palatine or exotic wood.

Master instruments have a certificate of authenticity, which contains pictures of the instrument and measurements.

Inside the instrument is the same label as in the certificate of authenticity.

More than 95% represent instruments manufactured according to the Stradivarius, Amati or Cipriani Potter model.

Defective instruments can have a decorative role. Painted instruments are not recommended by Gliga specialists, as the paint can affect the sound quality.

Yehudi Menuhin, the famous American violinist and conductor, had a Gliga brand instrument, and Mr. Vasile Gliga received a letter of thanks from him.

The master luthier Vasile Gliga did not know how to play the violin and still does not know how to play the violin, instead all three of his children played this instrument. This factory is recognized abroad, and Romania must be proud of such an economic objective.

The information in the article was provided to us by Hortensia Pop.

Alexia POP

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