January 31, 2023

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PHOTO: Impressive collection of the magazine “Sheet for the mind, heart and literature” – Mures News, Targu Mures News

The Mureş County Library has an impressive collection of the magazine “Foaie pentru minte, inimă si literatură”, a supplement of Gazeta de Transilvania, published in Braşov between July 2, 1835 and February 24, 1865, to which great names of Romanian culture collaborated, such as Ion Heliade-Rădulescu, Alecu Russo, Ion Ghica, Costache Negruzzi, Dimitrie Bolintineanu and many others, in which “Un rasunet” by Andrei Muresanu, currently the National Anthem of Romania, appeared for the first time.
“We don’t have the first two numbers, but starting with number 3, our collection from “Foaie pentru minte, inimă si literatură” covering the period 1938 to 1954. It was a Romanian magazine with a cultural character, a supplement to Gazeta de Transilvania, published in Braşov between July 2, 1835 and February 24, 1865. The initial title was ‘Foaie literară’, starting from January 1, 1838, but on July 2 of the same year it was renamed to ‘Foaie pentru minte, inima si literature’. The magazine was led by George Bariţiu until 1850. In our collection there are numerous literary magazines, we have a very rich collection from which it is clear that most of the Romanian poets, writers, all literati, to use a more generic word, have debuted in these magazines, in them they began their activity that consecrated them. Beyond this, magazines have a special element, as well as ‘Sheets for mind, heart and literature’: starting from the moment of their appearance, they have a very clearly defined platform-program, they have very clearly defined rules, the direction they following these magazines are constituted in moments of cultural reorganization that the Romanian people were going to go through from the first half of the 19th century. They are path-breaking magazines, which set the tone for Romanian culture”, declared for Agerpres, the director of the Mureş County Library, Monica Avram.

The collection of “Sheets for mind, heart and literature” owned by the Mureş County Library is very well preserved, the specialists here noting the good quality of the printing and paper.
“Although the collection is almost 180 years old, it is very well preserved due to the quality of the paper and ink. The text is perfectly legible, you don’t have any reading problems. These magazines were very important because people did not have access to information, as they have now, they did not even have access to the radio. That is why it is a program magazine with a clear platform established from the beginning. It is a magazine in which the greats of the day appeared and through this the cultural direction of the nation was given. This was the most important part, compared to today, when we have so many books at our disposal, when it is irrelevant if we ‘lose’ one, in the sense that we don’t read it. But this magazine, like the others from that period, gave the cultural pulse of the Romanians. All the authors who became well-known first published in these magazines, they did not come out directly with a book, they were launched by these magazines”, noted Monica Avram.
The head of the Mureş County Library showed that, in addition to the literary side, “Foaie pentru minte, inima si literatura” proved to be a political platform as well, in which the famous Islaz Proclamation of 1848 was published.
“Sheet for mind, heart and literature” is also a proof of the evolution of Romanian writing, if in the first issues the characters are Cyrillic, a few years later we find them mixed with Latin characters, sometimes in the same text, up to issue 47 of 1854 on which is owned by the Mureş County Library.

From the history of the magazine we learn that from 1858 the texts in this magazine were edited exclusively in Latin characters, before the integral replacement of the Cyrillic alphabet with the Latin one by the decree of 1862.
“What is interesting, when such a magazine reached a community, the whole community knew what it contained, everyone was aware of what was happening in the country, they were aware of what was being proposed, especially in the context of the Revolution from 1848-1849, but it also had an educational role of learning reading, the alphabet and practicing the alphabet. However you take them, these magazines have a special place from all points of view, especially since debuting or already established personalities bring all their credibility and put it at the service of the magazine. These personalities indicated the direction in which the Romanian people are going, in order to enlighten the masses. It is very interesting to see a text with Cyrillic characters and one with Latin characters on the same page, but it is even more interesting to see the two types of alphabet used in the same text”, said Monica Avram.

In the collection of the magazine “Foaie pentru minte, inima si literatură” owned by the Mureş County Library, we find texts by Garabet Ibrăileanu, as well as by some participants in the Revolution of 1848, such as Cezar Bolliac and Alecu Russo, who were also present at the Assembly on Freedom Square from Blaj from May 3/5, 1848.

Also, in ‘Foaie pentru minte, inimă si literatură’ we find the poems “Romania’s Awakening” and “Hora Ardealului” by Vasile Alecsandri, and also in this magazine, in issue 25 of June 21, 1848, “Un rasunet” (Deşteaptă Come on, Romanians!) by Andrei Muresanu.
“Almost all pashoptists are present in the magazine, either with proclamations, or with motivational speeches, or with petitions, program platforms and everything related to the context of the revolution. But you also see poems and fragments of teachings”, Avram pointed out.
In January, the Mureş County Library organized an exhibition of literary magazines from yesterday and today, as part of the Culture Fair, in which it exhibited literary magazines that set the tone for Romanian culture since 1845.
In the collection of literary magazines of BEJ Mureş, in addition to “Sheets for the mind, heart and literature”, we find titles such as: “Literary Dacia”, “Făt premos”, “Literary conversations”, “Thinking”, “Wheat grains”, “Lamura”, “Craiu nou”, “Tribune”, “Steaua”, “Ramuri”, “Luceafărul”, “Literary and artistic truth”, “Atheneu”, “Apostrophe”, “Contemporanul”, “Echinox”, “Family “, “Gazeta literară”, “Literatorul”, “Orizont”, “Propășirea”, “Revista Fundătilău regale”, “Romania literară”, “Sămănătorul”, “Supplimentul de culture”, “Telegraful Romanian”, “Vatra” and ” Romanian life”.


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