Because in recent years, in Romania, there has been a sharp increase in the number of colorectal cancer cases – after lung cancer, this neoplasia being the second cause of mortality in the country – OncoHelp Timisoara performs free colonoscopies. Colonoscopy is an investigation that allows the detection of changes in the lower gastrointestinal tract.
Colonoscopy or lower digestive endoscopy is a method of diagnosis, but also of treatment of various diseases of the colon. With its help, possible tumor formations can be identified, as well as intestinal polyps and diverticula, OncoHelp Timişoara representatives report. The procedure allows establishing a very accurate diagnosis thanks to the method used, that of using a colonoscope, a flexible device equipped with a video camera, which is inserted into the body rectally, up to the level of the valve between the small and large intestine. Thus, anomalies or existing lesions can be observed much better than in the case of using other imaging techniques or investigations. At the same time, the procedure also allows taking tissue samples for biopsies. The main benefit of this investigation is the detection of colorectal cancer. Statistics say that one in eight cancers is of this nature.
“Unfortunately, in recent years, we have seen a sharp increase in colorectal cancer in our country. In fact, after lung cancer, this neoplasia is the second cause of mortality in Romania. The incidence is 10.1 per 100,000 men. Among the risk factors are age over 50 years, family history, excessive alcohol consumption, smoking, obesity, sedentary lifestyle, but also various inflammatory bowel diseases. Or colonoscopy allows the early detection of cancerous formations through direct observation, thanks to the video camera with which the device is equipped. Moreover, there is also the possibility of sampling some test fragments from the investigated area“, explains dr. Razvan Diaconescugastroenterology primary doctor at OncoHelp Timișoara.
He also says that screening for colorectal cancer is a recommended procedure to be done annually for men over 50, and even earlier if there is a family history. Colonoscopy is also recommended when the patient complains of the presence of blood in the stool, abdominal pain without a precise cause or persistent intestinal transit disorders.
The investigation lasts several tens of minutes, is done under general anesthesia, in the OncoHelp clinic, in the presence of an Intensive Care specialist, and requires special training. 24 hours before the procedure, the consumption of solid food is no longer allowed and a special liquid must be drunk, a purgative substance, which will empty the intestine, so that the image obtained during the procedure is as faithful as possible.
“The procedure involves the introduction, through the anus, of the colonoscope, that device equipped with a high-resolution camera and a mini-flashlight. The tube, which is thin and flexible, will advance the length of the colon and transmit real-time images to a monitor. At the same time, during the procedure, polyps that have formed on the colon wall can also be removed. The investigation also has some contraindications, especially if we are talking about an abdominal aortic aneurysm, a myocardial infarction or another recent surgical intervention. After the procedure, the patient will remain under the supervision of an ATI doctor for a few tens of minutes. To perform the colonoscopy, a specialist consultation by a gastroenterologist is required first, who will recommend an endoscopy“, says Dr. Răzvan Diaconescu.
The colonoscopy is performed free of charge in the OncoHelp clinic in Timisoara, for insured patients, based on an appointment at the phone numbers: 0356 – 460 995 or 0256 – 495 403.